Book Pages



  1. Zhou Y., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* "Metalloproteomics for biomedical research: methodology and applications”. Annual Review of Biochemistry (Editor: Kornberg, R.), , doi: 10.1146/annurev-biochem-040320-104628

  2. Zhang Q.§, Wang R.M.§, Wang M.J., Liu C.J., Koohi-Moghadam M., Wang H.B., Ho P.L., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* "Re-sensitization of mcr carrying multidrug resistant bacteria to colistin by silver". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 119 (11) e2119417119, doi: 10.1073/pnas.2119417119

  3. Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* "A hydroxide lock for metallo-β-lactamases" . Nature Chemistry, 14, 6-8, doi: 10.1038/s41557-021-00871-3

  4. Wang R.M.§, Chan J.F.W.§, Wang S.Y.§, Li H.Y., Zhao J.J., Ip T.K.Y., Zuo J.Z., Yuen K.Y., Yuan S.F., Sun H.Z.* "Orally administrated bismuth drug together with N-acetyl cysteine as a broad-spectrum anti-coronavirus cocktail therapy". Chemical Science, 13, 2238-2248, doi: 10.1039/D1SC04515F.


  1. Yan X.T.,  Zhou Y., Jiang G.B., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* "Metallomics and metalloproteomics", in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry III (Editor: Pecoraro, V.P., Guo, Z.J.), accepted

  2. Zhou Y., Tse E.W.C., Leung R., Cheung E., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* "Multiplex single-cell analysis of cancer cells enables unbiased uncovering subsets associated with cancer relapse: heterogeneity of multidrug resistance in precursor B-ALL", ChemMedChem, 16, doi: /10.1002/cmdc.202100638.

  3. Wang C., Li X., Cheng T.F., Sun H.Z., Jin L.J.* "Eradication of porphyromonas gingivalis persisters through colloidal bismuth subcitrate synergistically combined with metronidazole", Frontiers in Microbiology, 12, 748121, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.748121.

  4. Li Y.F.*, Sun H.Z. "Metallomics in multidisciplinary research and the analytical advances", Atomic Spectroscopy, 42(5), 227-230, doi: 10.46770/AS.2021.108.

  5. Zhao J.T., Wang L.M., Cui L.W., Sun H.Z.*, Gao Y.X., Li Y.F.* "Metallomics for the screening of COVID-19 and metallodrug development", Atomic Spectrscopy, 42(5), 231-237, doi: 10.46770/AS.2021.805

  6. Griffith D.§, Li H.Y.§, Werrett M.W., Andrews P., Sun H.Z.* "Medicinal chemistry and biomedical applications of bismuth-based compounds", Chemical Society Review, 50(21), 12037-12069, doi: 10.1039/D0CS00031K.

  7. Hu X.Q.§, Li H.Y.§, Ip T.K.Y., Cheung Y.F., Koohi-Moghadam M., Wang H.B., Yang X.M., Tritton D. N., Wang Y.C., Wang Y., Wang R.M., Ng K.M., Naranmandura H., Tse E.W.C., Sun H.Z.* "Arsenic trioxide targets Hsp60, triggering degradation of p53 and survivin".  Chemical Science, 12(32), 10893-10900, doi: 10.1039/D1SC03119H

  8. Maimaitiyiming Y., Wang Q.Q., Yang C., Ogra Y., Lou Y.J., Smith C.A., Hussain L., Shao Y.M., Lin J.B., Liu J.F., Wang L.F., Zhu Y., Lou H.Y., Huang Y., Li X.X., Chang K.J., Chen H. Li H.Y., Huang, Y., Tse, E., Sun, J., Bu, N., Chiou, S.H., Zhang, E.F, Hua, H.Y., Ma, L.Y., Huang, P., Ge, M.H., Cao F.L., Cheng X.D., Sun H.Z., Zhou J., Vasliou V., Xu P., Jin J., Bjorklund M., Zhu H.H., Hsu C.H., Naranmandura H.* "Hyperthermia selectively destabilizes ongoneic fusion proteins". Blood Cancer Discovery, 2(4), 388-401, doi: 10.1158/2643-3230.BCD-20-0188. 

  9. Wang H.B., Wang M.J., Xu X.H., Gao P., Xu Z.L., Zhang Q., Li H.Y., Yan A.X., Kao R.Y. -T., Sun H.Z.* “Multi-target mode of action of silver against Staphylococcus aureus endows it with capability to combat antibiotic resistance”. Nature Communications, 12, 3331, doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-23659-y.

  10. Yuan S.F., Yin X., Meng X.Z., Chan J.F.W., Ye Z.W., Riva L., Pache L., Chan C.C.Y., Lai P.M., Chan C.C.S., Poon V.K.M., Lee A. C.Y., Matsunaga N., Pu Y., Yuen C.K., Cao J.L., Liang R.H., Tang K.M., Sheng L., Du Y.S., Xu W., Lau C.Y., Sit K.Y., Au W.K., Wang R.M., Zhang Y.Y., Tang Y.D., Clausen T.M., Pihl J., Oh J., Sze K.H., Zhang A.J.X., Chu H., Kok K-H., Wang D., Cai X.H., Esko J.D., Hung I.F.N., Li R.A., Chen H.L., Sun H.Z., Jin D.Y., Sun R., Chanda S.K., Yuen K.Y.* (2021) “Clofazimine is a broad-spectrum coronavirus inhibitor that antagonizes SARS-CoV-2 replication in primary human cell culture and hamsters”. Nature, 593, 418-423. doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-03431-4

  11. Xu X.H.§, Wang H.B.§, Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2021) “Dynamic and temporal transcriptomic analysis reveals ferroptosis-mediated anti-leukemia activity of S-dimethylarsino-glutathione: insights into novel therapeutic strategyCCS Chemistry, 3, 1089-1100. doi: 10.31635/ccschem.021.202000685.

  12. Tse E.C.M.*, Sun H.Z.* (2020) Book review for “Transition Metals and Sulfur –A Strong Relationship for Life”, Metal Ions in Life Sciences, vol. 20, Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, 76(5-6)c, 257-259, doi: 10.1515/znc-2020-0252.

  13. Zhou Y., Ip T.K.Y., Zhang Q., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2020) “Metal complexes as drugs and chemotherapeutic agents” in Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry III (Volume 9: “Applications of Coordination Chemistry”), 680-705, Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-08-102688-5.00018-0.


  1. Wang H.B.*, Yang X.M., Wang M.J., Xu X.H., Hu M.L, Yan A.X., Hao Q., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2020) “Atomic differentiation of silver binding preference in protein targets: Escherichia coli malate dehydrogenase as a paradigmChemical Science, 11(43), 11714-11719. doi: 10.1039/D0SC04151C.

  2. Yuan S.F.§, Wang R.M.§, Chan J.F.W.§, Zhang A.J., Cheng T.F., Chik K.K.H., Ye Z.W., Wang S.Y., Lee A.C., Jin L.J., Li H.Y., Jin D.Y., Yuen K.Y.*, Sun H.Z.* (2020) “Metallodrug ranitidine bismuth citrate suppress SARS-CoV-2 replication and relieves virus-associated pneumonia in Syrian hamstersNature Microbiology, 5(11), 1439-1448. doi: 10.1038/s41564-020-00802-x.

  3. Sun H.Z.§*, Zhang Q.§, Wang R.M.§*, Wang H.B., Wong Y.T., Wang M.J., Hao Q., Yan A.X., Kao R.Y.T., Ho P.L., Li H.Y. (2020) “Resensitizing carbapenem- and colistin-resistant bacteria to antibiotics using auranofinNature Communications, 11(1), 5263, doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-18939-y.

  4. Wang R.M., Wang S.Y., Chan S., Zuo Z., Chan G.C.F., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2020) “Bismuth porphyrin antagonizes cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity via inactivating caspase-dependent apoptotic pathwayiScience, 23(5), 101054. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2020.101054.

  5. Tao X., Zhang Z.M., Zhang X., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.*, Mao Z.W., Xia W.* (2020) “Structural insight into the substrate gating mechanism by Staphylococcus aureus aldehyde dehydrogenaseCCS Chemistry, 2(3), 946-954. doi: 10.31635/ccschem.020.202000219.

  6. Xu X.H., Wang H.B., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2020) “Metalloproteomic approaches for matching metals to proteins: The power of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)Chemistry Letter, 49(6), 697-704. doi: 10.1246/cl.200155. (invited, featured on the front cover)

  7. Kanatzidis M., Sun H.Z., Dehnen S.* (2020) “Bismuth- the magic elementInorganic Chemistry, 2020, 59(6) 3341-3343. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c00222. (editorial)

  8. Wang H.B., Zhou Y., Xu X.H., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2020) “Metalloproteomics in conjunction with other omics for uncovering the mechanism of action of metallodrugs: mechanism-driven new therapy developmentCurrent Opinion in Chemical Biology, 55, 171-179. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2020.02.006. (invited)

  9. Wang R.M., Li H.Y., Ip T.K.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2020) “Chapter 6 − Bismuth drugs as antimicrobial agents” Advances in Inorganic Chemistry, 75, 183-205. doi: 10.1016/bs.adioch.2019.10.011.

  10. Jiang N., Wang Y.L., Chan K.C., Sun H.Z.*, Li G.J.* (2020) “Additive manufactured graphene coating with synergistic photothermal and superhydrophobic effects for bactericidal applicationsGlobal Challenges, 4(1), 1900054. doi: 10.1002/gch2.201900054.


  1. Koohi-Moghadam M., Wang H.B., Wang Y.C., Yang, X.M., Li H.Y., Wang J.W.*, Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Predicting disease-associated mutation of metal binding sites of a protein using a deep learning approachNature Machine Intelligence, 1(12), 561-567. doi: 10.1038/s42256-019-0119-z. (Highlighted as a ‘news&views’ entitled “DEEP LEARNING IN MEDICINE Predicting cracks in metalloproteins”, 1(12), 553-554)

  2. Xu Z.L., Wang P.C., Wang H.B., Hang Z., Au-Yeung H.Y., Hirayama T. Sun H.Z., Yan A.X. (2019) “Zinc excess leads to an increased cellular demand for iron and decreased tolerance to copper in Escherichia coliJournal of Biological Chemistry, 294(45), 16978-16991. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.010023.

  3. Xu, X.H., Wang H.B., Li, H.Y., Hu X.Q., Zhang Y., Guan X.Y., Toy P.H., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “S-dimethylarsino-glutathione (darinaparsin®) targets Histone H3.3, leading to TRAIL-induced apoptosis in leukemia cellsChemical Communications, 55(87), 13120-13123. doi: 10.1039/C9CC07605K.

  4. Jiang N., Li H., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Recognition of proteins by metal chelation-based fluorescent probes in cellsFrontiers in Chemistry, 7, 560. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2019.00560 (invited)

  5. Wang Y.C., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Metalloproteomics for unveiling the mechanism of action of metallodrugs and their candidatesInorganic Chemistry, 58(20), 13673-13685. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01199.  (featured in the Supplementary cover)

  6. Wang H.B., Wang M.J., Yang X.M., Xu X.H., Hu M.L., Yan A.X., Hao Q., Lobinski R., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Antimicrobial silver targets glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in E. coli”, Chemical Science, 10(30), 9193-7199.  doi: 10.1039/C9SC02032B.

  7. Wang Y.C., Han B.J., Xie Y.X., Wang H.B., Wang R.M., Xia W., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Combination of gallium(III) with acetate for combating antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosai”, Chemical Science, 10(24), 6099-6106. doi: 10.1039/C9SC01480B. (ChemSci Pick of the Week  and HOT Article)

  8. Wang R.M., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Bismuth: environmental pollution and health effects” in Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, 2nd edition, edited by Nriagu J., Elsevier. 415-423. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.11870-6. (invited contribution)

  9. Cheng T.F., Lai Y.T., Wang Y., Jiang N., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.*, Jin L.J.* (2019) “Bismuth drugs tackle Porphyromonas gingivalis and attune cytokine response in human cells”, Metallomics, 11(7), 1207-1218. doi: 10.1039/c9mt00085b.

  10. Yang Y., Chang C.C., Lai Y.Z., Yang X.M., Sun H.Z.*, Li H.Y.* (2019) “Green fluorescent probe for imaging His6-tagged protein inside living cellsACS Sensors, 4(5), 1190-1196. doi: 10.1021/acssensors.8b01128.

  11. Wang H.B., Yan A.X., Liu Z.G., Yang X.M., Xu Z.L., Wang M.J., Hu M.L., Wang Y.C., Wang R.M., Koohi-Moghadam M., Hu L.G., Xia W., Hao Q., Tang H.R., Wang Y.L., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Deciphering molecular mechanism of silver allows enhancing its antimicrobial efficacy”, PLOS Biology, 17(6): e3000292. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000292.

  12. Guo Y., Guan C.J., Wan H.Y., Zhang Z.G, Li H.Y., Sun H.Z., Xia W.* (2019) “Inactivation of NikR from Helicobacter pylori by a bismuth drug”, Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 196, 110685. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2019.03.025.

  13. Zhang Z.M, Huang Q., Xu D., Tao X., Song G.B., Zheng P., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z., Xia W.* (2019) “The unique trimeric assembly of virulence factor HtrA from Helicobacter pylori via N-terminus domain-swapping”, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 294(20), 7990-8000. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.007387

  14. Chan S., Wang R.M., Man K., Nicholls J., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.*, Chan G.C.* (2019) “A novel synthetic compound, bismuth zinc citrate, could potentially reduce cisplatin-induced toxicity without compromising the anticancer effect through enhanced expression of antioxidant proteinTranslational Oncology, 2019, 12(5), 788-799. doi: 10.1016/j.tranon.2019.02.003.

  15. Koohi-Moghadam M., Borad M., Tran N., Swanson K, Boardman L., Sun H.Z.*, Wang J.W.* (2019) “MetaMarker: a de novo pipeline for discovering novel metagenomic biomarkersBioinformatics, 35(19), 3812-3814. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btz123.

  16. Li H.Y., Wang R.M., Sun H.Z.* (2019) “Systems approaches for unveiling the mechanism of action of bismuth drugs: new medicinal applications beyond Helicobacter pylori infectionAccounts of Chemical Research, 52(1), 216-227. doi: 10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00439.

  17. Cheng Y.H., Cheung Y.F., Tam T.S.C., Lok C.N., Sun H.Z., Ng K.M.* (2019) “Plasmonic metal nanoparticles as efficient mass tags for ion signal amplification and ultrasensitive detection of protein markersAnalytical Chimica Acta, 1055, 1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2018.12.057. (selected as “featured article”)

  18. Yang X.L., Liu X., Wu Q.Q., Lv X., Li B., Sun H.Z., Xu W.F., Liao X.L.* (2019) "Dopamine-assisted immobilization of peptide arginine-glycine-aspartic acid to enhance the cellular performances of MC3T3-E1 cells of carbon-carbon composites", Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 34(2), 284-296. doi: 10.1177/0885328219845962.

  19. Yang L.M., Xing S.Y., Sun H.Z., Miao C.L., Li M., Lv P.M., Wang Z.M., Yuan Z.H.* (2019) "Citric-acid-induced mesoporous SAPO-11 loaded with highly dispersed nickel for enhanced hydroisomerization of oleic acid to iso-alkanes", Fuel Processing Technology, 187, 52-62. doi: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2019.01.008.


  1. Prinz J., Koohi-Moghadam M., Sun H.Z., Kocher J.A., Wang J.W. (2018) “Novel neural network approach to predict drug-target interactions based on drug side effects and genome-wide association studiesHuman Heredity, 83(2), 79-91. doi: 10.1159/000492574.

  2. Zhou Y., Wang H.B., Tse E., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2018) “Cell cycle-dependent uptake and cytotoxicity of arsenic-based drugs in single Leukemia cellsAnalytical Chemistry, 90(17), 10465-10471. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b02444.

  3. Han B.J., Zhang Z., Xie Y.X, Hu X.Q., Wang H.B., Xia W., Wang Y.L, Li H.Y., Wang Y.C.*, Sun H.Z.* (2018) “Multi-omics and temporal dynamics profiling reveals disrupted central metabolism in Helicobacter pylori on bismuth treatmentChemical Science, 9(38), 7488-7497. doi: 10.1039/C8SC01668B. (Chemical Science 2018 HOT article, highlighted in ChemistryWorld 2018, September issue, 44-45)

  4. Curtin J.P.*, Wang M.J., Cheng T.F., L.J. Jin, Sun H.Z. (2018) “The role of citrate, lactate and transferrin in determining titanium release from surgical devices into human serumJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 23(3), 471-480. doi: 10.1007/s00775-018-1557-5.

  5. Wang R.M., Lai T.P., Gao P., Zhang H.M., Ho P.L, Ma G.X., Woo P.C.Y., Kao Y.T., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z. (2018) “Bismuth antimicrobial drugs serve as broad-spectrum metallo-β-lactamase inhibitors”, Nature Communications, 9(1), 439. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-02828-6

  6. Yang X.M., Koohi-Moghadam M., Wang R.M., Chang Y.Y., Woo P.C.Y., Wang J.W., Li H.Y.*, Sun H.Z.* (2018) “Metallochaperone UreG serves as a new target for design of urease inhibitor: a novel strategy for development of antimicrobialsPLoS Biology, 16(1), e2003887. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2003887.

  7. Jiang N., Cheng T.F., Wang M.J., Chan, G.C.F., Jin L.J., Li, H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2018) “Tracking iron-associated proteomes in pathogens by a fluorescence approach”, Metallomics, 10(1), 77-82. doi: 10.1039/C7MT00275K.


  1. He X.J., Liao X.W., Li H Y., Xia W., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Bismuth-induced inactivation of ferric uptake regulator from Helicobacter pyloriInorganic Chemistry, 56(24), 15041-15048. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b02380.

  2. Liao X.W., Yang F., Li H.Y. Xia W.*, Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Targeting the thioredoxin reductase-thioredoxin system from Staphylococcus aureus by silver ionsInorganic Chemistry, 56(24), 14823–14830. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01904.

  3. Liao X.W., Yang F., Wang R.M., He X.J., Li H.Y., Kao R.Y.T., Xia, W.*, Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Identification of catabolite control protein A (ccpA) from Staphylococcus aureus as a target of silver ionsChemical Science, 8(12), 8061-8066. doi: 10.1039/C7SC02251D.

  4. Wang Y.C., Hu L.G., Xu F., Quan Q., Lai Y.T., Xia W., Yang Y., Chang Y.Y., Yang X.M., Chai Z.F., Wang J.W., Chu I.K., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Integrative approach for analysis of proteome-wide response to bismuth drugs in Helicobacter pyloriChemical Science, 8(6), 4626-4633. doi: 10.1039/C7SC00766C.

  5. Chang Y.Y., Cheng T.F., Yang X.M., Jin L.J., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Functional disruption of peroxiredoxins by bismuth drugs attenuates Helicobacter pylori survival”, Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 22(5), 673-683. doi: 10.1007/s00775-017-1452-5.

  6. Zhou Y., Li H., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Cytotoxicity of arsenic trioxide in single leukemia cells by time-resolved ICP-MS together with lanthanide-tagsChemical Communications, 53(20), 2970-2973. doi: 10.1039/C7CC00143F.

  7. Lai Y.Z., Yang Y., Hu L.G., Cheng, T.F., Chang Y.Y., Koohi-Moghadam M., Wang Y.C., Xia J., Wang J.W., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Integration of fluorescent imaging with proteomics enables visualization and identification of endogenous metallo-proteomes in live cellsMetallomics, 9(1), 38-47. doi: 10.1039/C6MT00169F.

  8. Chao A., Jiang N., Yang Y., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “A Ni-NTA-based red fluorescence probe for proteins labelling in live cellsJournal of Material Chemistry B, 2017, 5(6), 1166-1173. doi: 10.1039/C6TB02848A.

  9. Wang Y.C., Wang H.B., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Application of metallomics and metalloproteomics for understanding the molecular mechanisms of action of metal-based drugs” in “Essential and non-essential metals: carcinogenesis, prevention and chemotherapy” edited by Zelikoff J., Mudipalli A. Sr., Springer, Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland, 199-222. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-55448-8_9.

  10. Chang Y.Y., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Chapter 9: Immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) for metalloproteomics and phosphoproteomics” in “Interactions of Inorganic and Organometallic Transition Metal Complexes with Biological Molecules and Living Cells” edited by Lo K.K.W., Elsevier, 329-353. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803814-7.00009-5.

  11. Xia W., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2017) “Chapter 14: Nickel metallochaperones: structure, function and nickel-binding” in The Biochemistry of Nickel edited by Zamble D., Henryk K., Magdalena R-Z, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 284-305. doi: 10.1039/9781788010580-00284.


  1. Cheng T.F., Li H.Y. Jin L.J., Sun H.Z.* (2016) “Exploration into the nickel ‘microcosmos’ in prokaryotesCoordination Chemistry Reviews, 311, 24-37. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2015.12.007.


  1. Wang Y.C., Tsang C.Y., Xu F., Kong P.K., Hu L.G., Wang J.W., Chu IK, Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2015) “Bio-coordination of bismuth in Helicobacter pylori revealed by immobilized metal affinity chromatographyChemical Communications, 51(92), 16479-16482. doi: 10.1039/C5CC04958J. (featured on the outside back cover)

  2. Wang M.J., Lai T-P., Wang L., Zhang H.M., Yang N., Sadler P.J., Sun H.Z.* (2015) “Anion clamp” allows flexible protein to impose coordination geometry on metal ionsChemical Communications, 51(37), 7867-7870. doi: 10.1039/C4CC09642H.

  3. Wang Y.C., Hu L.G., Yang X.M., Chang Y.Y, Hu X.Q., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2015) “On-line coupling of continuous-flow gel electrophoresis with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry to quantitatively evaluate intracellular metal binding properties of metallochaperones HpHypA and HpHspA in E. coli cellsMetallomics, 7(10), 1399-1406. doi: 10.1039/c5mt00054h. (featured on the front cover of the October issue, 2015)

  4. Yang X.M., Li H.Y., Lai T.P., Sun H.Z.* (2015) “Complexation of Helicobacter pylori UreE-UreG facilitates nickel transfer and boosts GTPase activity of UreGJournal of Biological Chemistry, 290(20), 12474-12485. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.632364. (selected as the Paper of the Week)

  5. Lai Y.Z., Chang Y.Y., Hu L.G., Yang Y., Chao A.L., Du Z.Y., Tanner J.A., Chye M.L., Qian C.M., Ng K.M., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2015) “Rapid labeling of intracellular His-tagged proteins in living cellsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 112(10), 2948-2953. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1419598112.  (highlighted as a spotlight in Nat. Biotech. 2015, 33, 359, in the F1000Prime and local media). 

  6. Hong Y.F., Lai Y.T., Chan G.C.F., Sun H.Z.* (2015) “Glutathione and MRP transporter mediate a self-propelled disposal of bismuth in human cellsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 112(11), 3211-3216. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1421002112. (highlighted in the issue, PNAS 112(11), 3717; as a commentary in PNAS 2015, 112(14), 4187-4188, as well as a spotlight in Chem Res Toxicology, 2015, 28, 829) 

  7. Tang H.M.V., Pan K.W., Kong K.Y.E., Hu L.G., Chan L.C., Siu K.L., Sun H.Z., Wong C.M., Jin D.Y. (2015) “Loss of APD1 in yeast confers hydroxyurea sensitivity suppressed by Yap1p transcription factorScientific Reports, 5, 7897, doi: 10.1038/srep07897.

  8. Chang Y.Y., Lai Y-T., Cheng T.F., Wang H.B., Yang Y., Sun H.Z.* (2015) “Selective binding of Hpnl-like protein to nickel, zinc and bismuth in vitro and in cells by FRETJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 142(1), 8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2014.09.010.

  9. Wang Y.C., Wang H.B., Li H.Y. Sun H.Z.* (2015) “Metallomic and metalloproteomic strategies in elucidating the molecular mechanisms of metallodrugsDalton Transaction, 43(2), 437-447. doi: 10.1039/C4DT02814G.


  1. Qin F., Zhao H., Li G., Yang H., Li J., Wang R., Liu Y., Hu J., Sun H.Z., Chen R. (2014) "Size-tunable fabrication of multifunctional Bi2O3 porous nanospheres for photocatalysis, bacteria inactivation and template-synthesisNanoscale, 6 (10), 5402-5409. doi: 10.1039/C3NR06870F.

  2. Xia W., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2014) "Functional disruption of HypB, a GTPase of Helicobacter pylori, by bismuth"Chemical Communications, 50 (13), 1611-1614. doi: 10.1039/C3CC47644H.

  3. Cun S.J., Sun H.Z.* (2014) "Urease inactivation by an unusual GroES chaperonin"Science China Chemistry, 57 (6), 842-848. doi: 10.1007/s11426-014-5088-9.

  4. Li H.Y. *, Sun H.Z.* (2014) "In-cell NMR: An emerging approach for monitoring metal-related events in living cellsMetallomics, 6 (1), 69-76. doi: 10.1039/C3MT00224A.

  5. Cheng T.F., Sun H.Z.* (2014) "Chapter 25 - Antimony and bismuthBinding, Transport and Storage of Metal Ions in Biological Cells, 2014-January (2), 768-799. doi: 10.1039/9781849739979-00768.

  6. Yang X.M., Li H.Y., Cheng T.F., Xia W., Lai Y.-T., Sun H.Z.* (2014) "Nickel translocation between metallochaperones HypA and UreE in Helicobacter pyloriMetallomics, 6 (9), 1731-1736. doi: 10.1039/c4mt00134f.

  7. Xie S., Lu Y., Jakoncic J., Sun H.Z., Xia J., Qian C.M. (2014) "Structure of RPA32 bound to the N-terminus of SMARCAL1 redefines the binding interface between RPA32 and its interacting proteinsFEBS Journal, 281 (15), 3382-3396. doi: 10.1111/febs.12867.


  1. Chen W.J., Wang H.F., Ye D.R., Lin H., Sun H.Z., Zhong W.Q. (2013) “Binding of oxo-Cu2 clusters to ferric ion-binding protein A from Neisseria gonorrhoeae: a structural insightMetallomics, 5(10),  1430-1439. doi: 10.1039/C3MT00091E.

  2. Li G., Qin F., Wang R., Xiao S, Sun H.Z., Chen R. (2013) “BiOX (X=Cl, Br, I) nanostructures: mannitol-mediated microwave synthesis, visible light photocatalytic performance, and Cr(VI) removal capacityJournal of Colloid and Interface Science, 409, 43-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.07.068.

  3. Cun S.J., Lai Y.Z., Chang Y.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2013) “Structure-oriented bioinformatic approach exploring histidine-rich clusters in proteinsMetallomics, 5(7), 904-912. doi: 10.1039/c3mt00026e.

  4. Cheng T.F., Li H.Y., Yang X.M., Xia W., Sun H.Z.* (2013) “Interactions of SlyD with HypB of Helicobacter pylori facilitates nickel traffickingMetallomics, 5(7), 804-807. doi: 10.1039/C3MT00014A.

  5. Sun H.Z. (2013) “Metallomics in ChinaMetallomics, 5(7), 782-783. doi: 10.1039/C3MT90024J.

  6. Du X.B., Wang X.H., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2013) “Kinetics and thermodynamics of metal binding to the N-terminus of human copper transporter, hCTR1Chemical Communications, 49(80), 4134-4136. doi: 10.1039/C3CC45360J.

  7. Hu L.G., Cheng T.F., He B., Li L., Wang Y.C., Lai Y.T., Jiang G.B., Sun H.Z.* (2013) “Identification of metal-associated proteins in cells by using continuous-flow gel electrophoresis and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometryAngewandte Chemie International Edition, 52(18), 4916-4920. doi: 10.1002/anie.201300794.

  8. Yang X.M., Xu D.C., Cheng T.F., Xi Z.Y., Zhao L.H., Liu Y.Z.*, Sun H.Z.* (2013) “Recent progress of copper and nickel chaperonesProgress in Chemistry, 25(4), 495-510. 

  9. Wang X.H., Sun H.Z.* (2013) “3.39- Metal complexes in the treatment of tropical diseases: malaria, trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis” Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry II (2nd edition), Volume 3- Bioinorganic Fundamentals and Applications: Metals in Natural Living Systems and Metals in Toxicology and Medicine, 975-986, Elsevier, 2013. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-08-097774-4.00339-9. (invited)

  10. Xiong J.Y., Cheng G., Qiu F., Wang R.M., Sun H.Z., Chen R. (2013) “Tunable BiOCl hierarchical nanostructures for high-efficient photocatalysis under visible light irradiationChemical Engineering Journal, 220, 228-236. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.01.033.

  11. Hu L.G.*, Wang Y.C., He B., Jiang G.B., Sun H.Z.* (2013) “Metallomics in environmental and health related research: current status and perspectivesChinese Science Bulletin, 58(2), 169-176. doi: 10.1007/s11434-012-5496-1.

  12. Cheng T.F., Xia W., Wang P.W., Huang F.J. Wang J.W., Sun H.Z.* (2013) "Histidine-rich proteins in prokaryotes: metal homeostasis and environmental habitat-related occurrenceMetallomics, 5, 1423-1429. doi: 10.1039/C3MT00059A.


  1. Yang N., Zhang H.M., Hao Q., Sun H.Z.* (2012) “Iron and bismuth bound human serum transferrin reveals a partially-opened conformation in the N-lobeScientific Reports, 2, 999; doi: 10.1038/srep00999.

  2. Wang X.H., Li H.Y., Du X.B., Harris J., Guo Z.J., Sun H.Z.* (2012) “Activation of carboplatin and nedaplatin by the N-terminus of human copper transporter 1 (hCTR1)Chemical Science, 3(11), 3206-3215. doi: 10.1039/C2SC20738A.

  3. Xia W., Li H.Y., Yang X.M., Wong K.B., Sun H.Z.* (2012) “Metallo-GTPase HypB from Helicobacter pylori and its interaction with nickel chaperone protein HypAJournal of Biological Chemistry, 287(9), 6753-6763. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.287581.                         

  4. Cheng T.F., Li H.Y., Xia W., Sun H.Z.* (2012) “Multifaceted SlyD from Helicobacter pylori: implication in [NiFe] hydrogenase maturationJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 17(3), 331-343. doi: 10.1007/s00775-011-0855-y.                                                      

  5. Qin F., Li G.F., Xiao H., Lu Z., Sun H.Z., Chen R. (2012) “Large-scale synthesis of bismuth hollow nanospheres for highly efficient Cr(VI) removalDalton Transactions, 41(37), 11263-11266. doi : 10.1039/C2DT31021J.

  6. Qin F., Li G.F., Wang R.M., Wu J.L., Sun H.Z., Chen R. (2012) “Template-free fabrication of Bi2O3 and (BiO)2CO3 nanotubes and their application in water treatmentChemistry, a European Journal, 18(51), 16491-16497. doi: 10.1002/chem.201201989.

  7. Du X.B., Wang X.H., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2012) “Comparison between copper and cisplatin transport mediated by human copper transporter 1 (hCtr1)Metallomics, 4(7), 679 -685. doi: 10.1039/C2MT20021J.

  8. Li G.F., Qin F., Yang H., Lu Z., Sun H.Z., Chen R. (2012) “Facile microwave synthesis of 3D flowerlike BiOBr nanostructures and their excellent CrVI removal capacityEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2508-2513. doi: 10.1002/ejic.201101427.

  9. Xu Z.H., Jin J., Siu L.K.S., Yao H., Sze J., Sun H.Z., Kung H.F., Poon W.S., Ng S.S.M., Lin M.C. (2012) “Folic acid conjugated mPEG-PEI600 as an efficient non-viral vector for targeted nucleic acid deliveryInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics, 426(1-2), 182-192. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2012.01.009.

  10. Shan Y., Pan Q., Liu J., Huang F.J., Sun H.Z., Nishino K., Yan A. (2012) “Covalently linking the Escherichia coli global anaerobic regulator FNR in tandem allows it to function as an oxygen stable dimerBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 419(1), 43-48. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.01.121.

  11. Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2012) “Recent advances in bioinorganic chemistry of bismuth”. Current Opinion in Chemical Biology, 16(1-2), 74-83. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2012.01.006.

  12. Tsang C.N., Bianga J., Sun H.Z., Szpunar  J., Lobinski R. (2012) “Probing of bismuth antiulcer drug targets in H. pylori by laser ablation- inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry”  Metallomics, 4(3), 277-283. doi: 10.1039/C2MT00169A.

  13. Li H.Y., Sun H.Z. (2012) “NMR studies of metalloproteinsTopics in Current Chemistry (NMR of proteins and small biomolecules), 326, 69-98. doi: 10.1007/128_2011_214.


  1. Fong Y.H., Wong H.C., Chuck C.P., Chen Y.W., Sun H.Z., Wong K.B. (2011) “Assembly of the preactivation complex for urease maturation in Helicobacter pylori: crystal structure of the UreF/UreH complexJournal of Biological Chemistry, 286(50), 43241-43249. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.296830. (Paper of the Week)  

  2. Li G., Ding Y., Zhang Y., Lu Z., Sun H.Z., Chen R. (2011) “Microwave synthesis of BiPO4 nanostructures and their morphology-dependent photocatalytic performancesJournal of Colloid and Interface Science, 363 (2), 497-503. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.07.090.

  3. Ge R.G., Sun X.S., Wang D. X., Zhou Q.L., Sun H.Z. (2011) “Histidine-rich protein Hpn from Helicobacter pylori forms amyloid-like fibrils in vitro and inhibits the proliferation of gastric epithelial AGS cellsBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1813(8), 1422-1427. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.04.005.

  4. Zeng Y.B., Yang N., Sun H.Z.* (2011) “Metal-binding properties of histidine-rich protein, Hpn-likeChemistry, a European Journal, 17(21), 5852-5860. doi: 10.1002/chem.201100279.  (Inside Cover)

  5. Tsang C.N., Ho K.S., Sun H.Z.*, Chan W.T.* (2011) “Tracking bismuth drug uptake in single Helicobacter pylori cellsJournal of the American Chemical Society, 133(19), 7355-7357. doi: 10.1021/ja2013278.

  6. Wang X.H., Du X.B., Li H.Y., Chan D.S.B., Sun H.Z.* (2011) “The effect of the extracellular domain of human copper transporter (hCTR1) on cisplatin activationAngewandte Chemie International Edition, 50(12), 2706-2711. doi: 10.1002/anie.201006739. (Frontispiece)

  7. Yang N., Sun H.Z.* (2011) “Bismuth: environmental pollution and health effects” in Nriagu JO (ed.) Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Volume 1, 414-420 Burlington:  Elsevier doi:  10.1016/B978-0-444-52272-6.00374-3. (invited).


  1. Yang N., An Y., Cai J.W., Hu L.H., Zeng Y.B., Mao Z.W., Chen G.H., Sun H.Z.* (2010) “Polymeric architectures of bismuth citrate based on dimeric building blocks” Science in China- Chemistry, 53(10), 2152-2158. doi: 10.1007/s11426-010-4113-x.

  2. Sun X.S, Ge R.G., Zhang D.M., Sun H.Z., He Q.Y. (2010). “Iron-containing lipoprotein SiaA in SiaABC, the primary heme transporter of Streptococcus pyogenesJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 15(8), 1265-1273. doi: 10.1007/s00775-010-0684-4.

  3. Sun H.Z.*, Chai Z.F. (2010) “Metallomics: an integrated science for metals in biology and medicineAnnual Reports on the Progress of Chemistry, Section A: Inorganic Chemistry, 106, 20-38. doi: 10.1039/B920672H. (Featured on the cover of 2010 issue)

  4. Cun S.J., Sun H.Z.* (2010) “A zinc-binding site by negative selection induces metallodrug susceptibility of an essential chaperonin”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107(11), 4943-4948. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0913970107.

  5. Tian Y., Hou X., Wen L., Guo W., Song Y., Sun H.Z., Wang Y., Jiang L., Zhu D. (2010) “A biomimetic zinc activated ion channelChemical Communications, 46(10), 1682-1684. doi: 10.1039/B918006K.

  6. Ge R.G., Chu I.K., Sun H.Z.* (2010) “Chapter 9 - Nuclear-based metallomics in metal-based drugs” in Advanced nuclear analytical techniques for metallomics and metalloproteomics (Edited by C.Y. Chen, Z.F. Chai, YX Gao), Royal Society of Chemistry, 265-298. doi: 10.1039/9781847559913-00265.

  7. Chen R., Cheng G., Man S.H., Wu J.L., Lu Z., Che C.-M., Sun H.Z. (2010) “Bismuth subcarbonate nanoparticles fabricated by water-in-oil micromulsion-assisted hydrothermal process exhibit anti-Helicobacter pylori propertiesMaterials Research Bulletin, 45(5), 654-658. doi: j.materresbull.2009.12.035.

  8. Li H.Y.*, Sze K.H., Fung K.L., Sun H.Z.* (2010)“Validation of inter-helical orientation of the sterile-alpha-motif domain of the deleted in liver cancer 2 (DLC2-SAM) by 15N-1H residual dipolar couplingsChinese Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 27(4), 585-596. (invited)

  9. Lam M.P.Y., Siu S.O., Lau E., Mao X.L., Sun H.Z., Chiu P.C.N., Yeung W.S.B., Cox D.M., Chu I.K. (2010) "Online coupling of reverse-phase and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography for protein and glycoprotein characterization" Analytical and Bioanalytical  Chemistry, 398(2), 791-804. doi: 10.1007/s00216-010-3991-2.

  10. Sun H.Z., Lam K.M., Fung Y.S. (2010) "A new capillary electrophoresis buffer for determining organic and inorganic anions in electroplating bath with surfactant additivesJournal of Chromatography. A, 1217(19), 3244-3250. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2010.01.011.


  1. Wu Z.Y., Liu Q., Liang X., Yang X., Wang N.Y., Wang X.H., Sun H.Z., Lu Y., Guo Z.J. (2009) “Reactivity of platinum-based antitumor drugs towards a Met- and His-rich 20mer peptide corresponding to the N-terminal domain of human copper transporter 1Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 14(8), 1313-1323. doi: 10.1007/s00775-009-0576-7.

  2. Ding Z.C., Teng X.C., Zheng Q., Ni F.Y., Cai B., Wang Y., Zhou G.M., Sun H.Z., Tan X.S., Huang Z.X. (2009) “Important roles of the conserved linker-KKS in human neuronal growth inhibitory factorBioMetals, 22(5), 817-826. doi: 10.1007/s10534-009-9228-1.

  3. Sun X.S., Ge R.G., Chiu J.F., Sun H.Z.*, He, Q.Y.* (2009) “Iron depletion decreases proliferation and induces apoptosis in a human colonic adenocarcinoma cell line, Caco2Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 103(7), 1074-1081. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2009.05.004 .

  4. Xia W., Li H.Y., Sze K.H., Sun H.Z.* (2009) “Structure of a nickel chaperone, HypA from Helicobacter pylori reveals two distinct metal binding sitesJournal of the American Chemical Society, 131(29), 10031-10040. doi: 10.1021/ja900543y.

  5. Sun X.S., Baker H.M., Ge R.G., Sun H.Z., He Q.Y., Baker E.N. (2009) “Crystal structure and metal binding properties of the lipoprotein MtsA, responsible for iron transport in Streptococcus pyogenesBiochemistry, 48(26), 6168-6190. doi: 10.1021/bi900552c.

  6. Cai B., Ding Z.C., Zhang Q., Ni F.Y., Wang H., Zheng Q., Wang Y., Zhou G.M., Wang K.M., Sun H.Z., Wu H.M., Huang Z.X. (2009) “The structural and biological significance of the EAAEAE insert in the α-domain of the human neuron growth inhibitory factorFEBS Journal, 276(13), 3547-3558. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2009.07075.x.

  7. Sun X.S., Tsang C.N., Sun H.Z.* (2009) “Identification and characterization of metallodrugs binding proteins by (metallo)proteomicsMetallomics, 1(1), 25-31. doi: 10.1039/B813121J. (Featured on the cover of the January issue, 2009)                                                                       

  8. He J., Hu P., Wang Y.J., Tong M.-L., Sun H.Z., Mao Z.W.* Ji L.-N. (2008) “Double-strand DNA cleavage by copper complexes of 2,2-dipyridyl with guanidinium/ammonium pendantsDalton Transactions, (24), 3207-3214. doi: 10.1039/B801549J.

  9. He J., Sun J., Mao Z.W., Ji L.N., Sun H.Z. (2009) “Phosphodiester hydrolysis and specific DNA binding and cleavage promoted by guanidinium-functionalized zinc complexesJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 103(5), 851-858. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2009.02.010.

  10. Zhou Y.H., Zhao M., Sun H.Z., Mao Z.W., Ji L.N. (2009) “Effect of cyclodextrin dimers with bipyridyl and biphenyl linking groups on carboxyl ester hydrolysis catalyzed by zinc complexJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 308 (1-2), 61-67. doi: 10.1016/j.molcata.2009.03.026.

  11. Ge R.G., Sun H.Z. (2009) "Metallomics: An integrated biometal scienceScience in China Series B Chemistry, 52(12), 2055-2070. doi: 10.1039/B308213J.

  12. Huang J.D., Sun H.Z., Tanner J.A., Watt R.M. (2009) "Determination of the functions of the putatuve metal-binding domain of the SCV helicaseHong Kong Medical Journal, 15(Suppl 6), 15-16.


  1. Zeng Y.B., Zhang D.M., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2008) “Binding of Ni2+ to a histidine- and glutamine-rich protein, Hpn-like (Hpnl)Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 13(7), 1121-1131. doi: 10.1007/s00775-008-0397-0.

  2. Cun S.J., Li H.Y., Ge R.G., Lin M.C.M., Sun H.Z.* (2008) “A histidine- and cysteine-rich metal binding domain at the C-terminus of heat-shock protein A from Helicobacter pylori: implication for nickel homeostasis and bismuth susceptibilityJournal of Biological Chemistry, 283, 15142-15151. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M800591200.

  3. Sun X.S., Ge R.G., Chiu J.F., Zu Y.B., Sun H.Z.*, He Q.-Y.* (2008) “Lipoprotein MtsA of MtsABC in Streptococus progenes primarily binds ferrous ion with bicarbonate as a synergistic anionFEBS Letter, 582(9), 1351-1354. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2008.03.020.

  4. Li H.Y., Gu J.D., Sun H.Z.* (2008) “Structure, topology and assembly of a 32-mer peptide corresponding to the loop 3 and transmembrane domain 4 of divalent metal transporter (DMT1) in membrane-mimetic environmentsJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 102(5-6), 1257-1266. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2007.12.019.

  5. Wang H., Li H.Y., Cai B., Huang Z.X., Sun H.Z.* (2008) “The effect of nitric oxide (NO) on metal release from human metallothionein-3 (MT-3): gradual unfolding of the proteinJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 13(3), 411-419. doi: 10.1007/s00775-007-0331-x.

  6. Sun X.S., Ge R.G., Chiu J.F., Sun H.Z.*, He Q.Y.* (2008) “Identification of proteins related to nickel homeostasis in Helicobater pylori by immobilized metal affinity chromatography and two-dimensional gel electrophoresisMetal-Based Drug, 2008, 289490. doi: 10.1155/2008/289490.

  7. Huang J.D., Zheng B.J., Sun H.Z. (2008) “Helicases as antiviral drug targetsHong Kong Medical Journal, 14 Suppl 4, 36-38.

  8. Ding Z.C., Zheng Q., Cai B., Ni F.Y., Yu W.H., Teng X.C., Gao Y., Liu F., Chen D., Wang Y., Wu H.M., Sun H.Z., Zhang M.J., Tan X.S., Huang Z.X. (2008) “Study on structure-property-reactivity-function relationship of human neuronal growth inhibitory factor (hGIF)Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 102 (11), 1965-1972. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2008.07.007.

  9. He J., Hu P., Wang Y.-J., Tong M.-L., Sun H.Z., Mao Z.-W., Ji L.-N. (2008) "Double-strand DNA cleavage by copper complexes of 2,2'-dipyridyl with guanidinium/ammonium pendantsDalton Transactions, 3207-3214. doi: 10.1039/B801549J.


  1. Ding Z.C., Zheng Q, Can B., Yu W.H., Teng X.C., Wang Y., Zhou G.M., Wu H.M., Sun H.Z., Zhang M.J., Huang Z.X. (2007) “Effect of α-domain substitution on the structure, property and function of human neuronal growth inhibitory factorJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 12(8), 1173-1179. doi: 10.1007/s00775-007-0287-x.

  2. Ge R.G., Sun H.Z.* (2007) “Bioinorganic chemistry of bismuth and antimony: target sites for metallodrugsAccounts of Chemical Research, 40(4), 267-274. doi: 10.1021/ar600001b.

  3. Li H.Y., Fung K.L., Jin D.Y., Chung S.S.M., Ching Y.P., Ng I.O., Sze K.H., Ko B.C.B.*, Sun H.Z.* (2007) “Solution structures, dynamics and lipid-binding of SAM domain from the deleted in liver cancer 2 (DLC2): a monomeric structure with membrane-binding propertiesPROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics, 67(4), 1154-1166. doi: 10.1002/prot.21361.

  4. Ni F.Y., Cai B.,  Ding Z.C., Zheng F., Zhang M.J., Wu H.M., Sun H.Z., Huang Z.X. (2007) “Structural prediction of the β-domain of metallothionein-3 by molecular dynamics simulationPROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics,  68(1), 255-266. doi: 10.1002/prot.21404.

  5. Wong I.L.K., Chan K.F., Burkett B.A., Zhao Y., Chai Y., Sun H.Z., Chan T.H., Chow L.M.C. (2007) “Flavonoid dimers as bivalent modulators for pentamidine and sodium stiboglucanate resistance in LeishmaniaAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 51(3), 930-940. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00998-06.

  6. Yang N., Sun H.Z.* (2007) “Biocoordination chemistry of bismuth: recent advancesCoordination Chemistry Reviews, 251(17-20), 2354-2366. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2007.03.003.

  7. Yang N., Tanner J.A., Zheng B.J., Watt R.M., He M.L., Lu L.Y., Jiang J.-Q., Shum K.-T., Lin Y.-P., Lin M.C.M., Kung H.F., Sun H.Z.*, Huang J.D.* (2007) “Bismuth complexes inhibit the SARS coronavirus” Angewandte Chemie International Edition 46(34), 6464-6468. doi: 10.1002/anie.200701021.

  8. Yang N., Tanner J.A., Wang Z., Huang J.D., Zheng B.J., Zhu N., Sun H.Z.* (2007) “Inhibition of SARS coronavirus helicase by bismuth complexesChemical Communications, (42), 4413-4415. doi: 10.1039/B709515E.

  9. Yang Z., Wang X., Diao H., Zhang J., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z., Guo Z.J. (2007) “Encapsulation of platinum anticancer drugs by apoferritinChemical Communications, (33), 3453-3455. doi: 10.1039/B705326F. (Featured on the cover of the issue on September 7, 2007)

  10. Ge R.G., Sun X.S., Gu Q., Watt R.M., Wong B.C.Y., Xia H.H.X., Huang J.D., He Q.Y.*, Sun, H.Z.* (2007) “A proteomic approach for the identification of bismuth-binding proteins in Helicobacter pyloriJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 12(6), 831-824. doi: 10.1007/s00775-007-0237-7.

  11. Lok C.-N., Ho C.-M., Chen R., He Q.-Y., Yu W.-Y., Sun H.Z., Tam P.K.-H., Chiu J.-F., Che C.M. (2007) “Silver nanoparticles: partial oxidation and antibacterial activitiesJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 12(4), 527-534. doi: 10.1007/s00775-007-0208-z.

  12. Zhou Y.H., Fu H., Zhao W.X., Su C.Y., Sun H.Z., Ji L.N., Mao Z.W. (2007) “An effective metallohydrolase model with supramolecular environment: structures, properties and activitiesChemistry, a European Journal, 13(8), 2402-2409. doi: 10.1002/chem.200601302.

  13. Zhou Y.H., Fu H., Zhao W.X., Chen W.L., Su C.Y., Sun H.Z., Ji L.N., Mao Z.W. (2007) “Synthesis, structure, and activity of supramolecular mimics for the active site and arg141 residue of copper, zinc-superoxide dismutaseInorganic Chemistry,  46(3), 734-739. doi: 10.1021/ic061541d.

  14. An Y., Lin Y.Y., Wang H., Sun H.Z., Tong M.L., Ji L.N., Mao Z.W. (2007) “Cleavage of double-strand DNA by zinc complexes of dicationic 2,2'-dipyridyl derivatives” Journal of Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, (12), 1250-1254. doi: 10.1039/B616754C.


  1. Ding Z.C., Teng X.C., Cai B., Wang H., Zheng Q., Wang Y., Zhou G.M., Zhang M.J., Wu H.M., Sun H.Z., Huang Z.X. (2006) “Mutation at Glu23eliminates the neuron growth inhibitory activity of human metallothionein-3Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 349(2), 674-682. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.08.090.

  2. Ge R.G., Zhang Y., Sun X.S., Watt R.M., He Q.-Y., Huang J.D., Wilcox D.E., Sun H.Z.* (2006) “Thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of metal binding to the histidine-rich protein, HpnJournal of the American Chemical Society, 128(35), 11330-11331. doi: 10.1021/ja062589t.

  3. Lok C.-N., Ho C.-M., Chen R., He Q.-Y., Yu W.-Y., Sun H.Z., Tam P.K.-H., Chiu J.-F., Che C.-M. (2006) “Proteomic analysis of the mode of antibacterial action of silver nanoparticlesJournal of Proteome Research, 5(4), 916-924. doi: 10.1021/pr0504079.

  4. Chen R., So M.H., Yang J., Deng F., Che C.-M., Sun H.Z.* (2006) “Fabrication of bismuth subcarbonate nanotube arrays from bismuth citrateChemical Communications, (21), 2265-2267. doi: 10.1039/B601764A.

  5. Cai B., Zheng Q., Teng X.C., Chen D., Wang Y., Wang K.Q., Zhou G.M., Xie Y., Zhang M.J., Sun H.Z.*, Huang Z.H. * (2006) “The Role of Thr5 in human neuron growth inhibitory factorJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 11(4), 476-482. doi: 10.1007/s00775-006-0097-6.

  6. Xue R., Wang S., Wang C.Y., Zhu T., Li, F., Sun H.Z. “HFIP-induced structures and assembly of the peptides from the transmembrane domain 4 of membrane protein, Nramp1” (2006) Biopolymers, 84(3), 329–339. doi: 10.1002/bip.20478.

  7. Wang H., Zheng Q., Cai B., Li H.Y., Sze K.H., Huang Z.X., Wu H.M., Sun H.Z.* (2006) “Solution structure and dynamics of human metallothionein-3 (MT-3)FEBS Letters, 580(3), 795-800. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2005.12.099.

  8. Zhang L., Mulrooney S.B.,  Leung F.K., Zeng Y.B., Ko B.C.B., Hausinger R.P.*, Sun H.Z.* (2006) “Inhibition of urease by bismuth(III): implications for the mechanism of action of bismuth drugsBioMetals, 19(5), 503-511. doi: 10.1007/s10534-005-5449-0.

  9. Ge R.G., Watt R.M., Sun X., Tanner J.A., He Q.Y., Huang J.D.*, Sun H.Z.* (2006) “Expression and characterization of a histidine-rich protein: potential for Ni2+ storage in Helicobacter pylori” Biochemical Journal 393(Pt 1), 285-293. doi: 10.1042/BJ20051160.


  1. Chai Y., Yan S.C., Wong I.L.K., Chow L.M.C., Sun H.Z.* (2005) “Complexation of antimony (SbV) with 5´-GMP and 5´-GDP-mannose: formation of both mono- and bis-adductsJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 99(12), 2257-2263. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2005.08.015.

  2. Zheng B.J., Guan Y., He M.L., Sun H.Z., Du L., Zheng Y., Wong K.L., Chen H., Chen Y., Lu L., Tanner J.A., Watt R.M., Niccolai N., Bernini A., Spiga O., Woo P.C., Kung H.F., Yuen K.Y., Huang J.D. (2005) “Synthetic peptides outside the spike protein heptad repeat regions as potent inhibitors of SARS-associated coronavirusAntiviral Therapy, 10(3), 393-403.

  3. Chen R., So M.H., Che C.-M., Sun H.Z.* (2005) “Controlled synthesis of high crystalline bismuth sulfide nanorods: using bismuth citrate as a precursorJournal of Materials Chemistry, 15(42), 4540-4545. doi: 10.1039/B510299E.

  4. Yang P.Y., Gao H.Y., Cai J.Y., Chiu J.F., Sun H.Z., He Q.-Y. (2005) “The stepwise process of chromium-induced DNA breakage: characterization by electrochemistry, atomic force microscopy and DNA electrophoresisChemical Research in Toxicology, 18(10), 1563-1566. doi: 10.1021/tx050134w.

  5. Li H.Y., Li F., Kwan M.F., He Q.-Y., Sun H.Z.* (2005) “NMR structures and orientation of the fourth transmembrane domain of the rat divalent metal transporter (DMT1) with G185D mutation in SDS micellesBiopolymers, 77(4), 173-183. doi: 10.1002/bip.20204.

  6. Li F., Li H.Y., Kwan M.F., Hu L.H., Chen G.H., He Q.-Y., Sun H.Z.* (2005) “Structure, assembly and topology of G185R mutant of the transmembrane domain4 of divalent metal transporterJournal of the American Chemical Society, 127(5), 1414-1423. doi: 10.1021/ja047148t.

  7. Yan S.C., Jin L., Sun H.Z.* (2005) “51Sb- antimony in medicine” in ‘Metallotherapeutics Drugs and Metal-Based Diagnostic Agents: The Use of Metals in Medicine’ (eds. Tiekink E.R.T., Gielen M.), John Wiley & Sons, 441-461. doi: 10.1002/0470864052.ch23.

  8. Yang P.Y., Sun X. S., Chiu J.F., Sun H.Z., He Q.Y.* (2005) “Transferrin-mediated gold nanoparticle cellular uptake”. Bioconjugate Chemistry, 16(3), 494-496. doi: 10.1021/bc049775d. (Most-cited Article in 2005 in Bioconjugate Chemistry)

  9. Teng X.C., Zheng Q., Cai B., Ni F.Y., Xie Y., Sun H.Z., Zhang M.J., Huang Z.X. (2005) "An Insight of S-Nitrosylation of Human GIFChinese Journal of Chemistry, 23(11), 1545-1551. doi: 10.1002/cjoc.200591545.


  1. Sun R.W., Yu W.Y., Sun H.Z., Che C.M. (2004) “In vitro inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase by gold(III) porphyrinsChemBioChem, 5(9), 1293-1298. doi: 10.1002/cbic.200300773.

  2. Sun X., Sun H.Z., Ge R., Richter M., Woodworth R.C., Mason A.B., He Q.Y. (2004) “The low pKa value of iron-binding ligand tyr188 and its implication in iron release and anion binding of human transferrin”  FEBS Letters, 573(1-3), 181-185. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2004.07.076.

  3. Li H.Y., Li F., Qian Z.M., Sun H.Z.* (2004) “Structure and topology of the transmembrane domain 4 of the divalent metal transporter in membrane-mimetic environments” European Journal of Biochemistry, 271(10), 1938-1951. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.2004.04104.x.

  4. Sun H.Z.*, Zhang L., Szeto K.Y. (2004) “Bismuth in medicineMetal Ions in Biological System, 41, 333-378. (Featured on the cover of the issue)

  5. Li F., Sun H.Z.* “Dynamic and kinetic aspects of metallodrugs by NMR” in Fluxional Organometallic and Coordination Chemistry (Edited by Gielen M., Willem R., Wrackmeyer B.), John-Wiley & Sons, 163-217, 2004. doi: 10.1002/0470858451.ch5.

  6. Jin L., Szeto K.Y., Zhang L., Du W.H., Sun H.Z.* (2004) “Inhibition of alcohol dehydrogenase by bismuth” Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 98(8), 1331-1337. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2004.03.016.

  7. Liu C.L., Wang M., Zhang T.L., Sun H.Z. (2004) “DNA hydrolysis promoted by di- and multi-nuclear metal complexesCoordination Chemistry Reviews, 248(1-2), 147-168. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2003.11.002.


  1. Zheng Q., Yang W.M., Yu W.H., Cai B., Teng X.C., Yi X., Sun H.Z., Zhang M.J., Huang Z.X. (2003) “The effect of EAAEAE insert on property of human metallothionein-3Protein Engineering, 16(12), 865-870. doi: 10.1093/protein/gzg127.

  2. Li W., Jin L., Zhu N.Y., Hou X.M., Deng F., Sun H.Z.* (2003) “Structure of colloidal bismuth subcitrate in dilute HCl:  assembly of dinuclear [Bi(cit)2Bi]2-Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125(41), 12408-12409. doi: 10.1021/ja037019x.

  3. Li H.Y., Li F., Sun H.Z.*, Qian Z.M. (2003) “Membrane-inserted conformation of transmembrane domain4 of divalent metal transporterBiochemical Journal, 372(Pt 3), 757-766. doi: 10.1042/bj20030075.

  4. Yan S.C., Li F., Ding K.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2003) “Reduction of pentavalent antimony and formation of binary and ternary complex with trypanothioneJournal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 8(6), 689-697. doi: 10.1007/s00775-003-0468-1.

  5. Sun H.Z.*, Szeto K.Y. (2003) “Binding of bismuth to serum proteins: implication for targets of Bi(III) in blood plasma”. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 94(1-2), 114-120. doi: 10.1016/S0162-0134(02)00649-9.

  6. Che C.-M.*, Sun R.W.Y., Yu W.Y., Ko B.C.B., Zhu N.Y., Sun H.Z.* (2003) “Gold(III) porphyrins as a new class of anticancer drugs: cytotoxicity, DNA binding and induction of apoptosis in human cervix epitheloid cancer cellsChemical Communications, (14), 1718-1719. doi: 10.1039/B303294A.

  7. Lo W.Y., Lam C.H., Fung W.K.M., Sun H.Z., Yam V.W.W., Balcells D., Maseras F., Eisenstein O. (2003) “An oscillating C22- unit inside a copper rectangleChemical Communications, (11), 1260-1261. doi: 10.1039/B301842C.

  8. Yan S.C., Wong L.K., Chow L.M.C., Sun H.Z.* (2003) “Rapid reduction of pentavalent antimony by trypanothione: potential relevance to antimonial activationChemical Communications, (2), 266-267. doi: 10.1039/B210240D.


  1. Du X.L., Zhang T.L., Yuan L., Zhao Y.Y., Li R.C., Wang K., Yan S.C., Zhang L., Sun H.Z. Qian Z.M. (2002) “Complexation of ytterbium to human transferrin and its uptake by K562 cellsEuropean Journal of Biochemistry, 269(24), 6082-6090. doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1033.2002.03326.x.

  2. Sun H.Z.* (2002) “Metallodrugs” in Encyclopedia of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Advances in NMR (Ed: Grant, D.M. & Harris R.K., John Wiley & Sons Ltd.), 413-427.

  3. Li H.Y., Sun H.Z., Qian Z.M. (2002) “Drug delivery and targeting: the role of transferrin/transferrin receptor systemTrends in Pharmacological Sciences, 23(5), 206-209. doi: 10.1016/S0165-6147(02)01989-2.

  4. Sun H.Z.*, Zhang L., Szeto K.Y. (2002) “Basis of bismuth antiulcers: biological chemistry and pharmacology”. Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 18, 297-301. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-6821.2002.04.015.

  5. Zhang R., Yu W.Y., Sun H.Z., Liu W.S., Che C.M. (2002) “Stereo- and enantioselective alkene epoxidations: a comparative study of D4- and D2-symmetric homochiral trans-dioxoruthenium(VI) porphyrinsChemistry, A European Journal, 8(11), 2495-2507. doi: 10.1002/1521-3765(20020603)8:11<2495::AID-CHEM2495>3.0.CO;2-G.

  6. Qian Z.M., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z., Ho K. (2002) “Targeted drug delivery via the transferrin receptor-mediated endocytosis pathwayPharmacological Reviews, 54(4), 561-587. doi: 10.1124/pr.54.4.561. (Featured on the cover of the issue)


  1. Zhang L., Szeto K.Y., Wong W.B., Sadler P.J., Sun H.Z.* (2001) “Interactions of bismuth with human lactoferrin and recognition of Bi(III)-lactoferrin by intestinal cellsBiochemistry, 40(44), 13281-13287. doi: 10.1021/bi010579t.

  2. Sun H.Z., Li H.Y., Mason A.B., Woodworth R.C., Sadler P.J. (2001) “Competitive binding of bismuth to transferrin and albumin in aqueous solution and blood plasmaJournal of Biological Chemistry, 276(12), 8829-8835. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M004779200.


  1. Sun H.Z.*, Yan S.-C., Cheng W.-S. (2000) “Interaction of antimony tartrate with the tripeptide glutathione: implication for its mode of actionEuropean Journal of Biochemistry, 267(17), 5450-5457. doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.2000.01605.x.

  2. Yan S.C., Ding K., Zhang L., Sun H.Z.* (2000) “Complexation of antimony(III) to trypanothioneAngewandte Chemie International Edition, 39(23), 4260-4262. doi: 10.1002/1521-3773(20001201)39:23<4260::AID-ANIE4260>3.0.CO;2-9.

  3. Guo M.L., Sun H.Z., McArdle H. J., Gambling L., Sadler P. J. (2000) “TiIV uptake and release by human serum transferrin and recognition of TiIV-transferrin by cancer cells: understanding the mechanism of the anticancer agent titanocene dichlorideBiochemistry, 39(33), 10023-10033. doi: 10.1021/bi000798z.

  4. Guo M.L., Sun H.Z., Bihari S., Parkinson J.A., Gould R.O., Parsons S., Sadler P.J. (2000) “Stereoselective formation of seven-coordinate titanium(IV) monomer and dimer complexes of ethylenebis(o-hydroxyphenyl)glycineInorganic Chemistry, 39(2), 206-215. ​doi: 10.1021/ic990669a.


  1. Sun H.Z., Li H.Y., Sadler P. J. (1999) “Transferrin as a metal ion-mediatorChemical Reviews, 99(9), 2817-2842. doi: 10.1021/cr980430w.

  2. Sun H.Z., Sadler P.J. (1999) “Bismuth anti-ulcer complexes” Topics in Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2, 159-186. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-60061-6_5.

  3. Sun H.Z., Li H.Y., Harvey I., Sadler P.J. (1999) “Interactions of bismuth complexes with metallothionein (II)Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(41), 29094-29101. doi: 10.1074/jbc.274.41.29094.

  4. Sun H.Z., Li H.Y., Mason A.B., Woodworth R.C., Sadler P.J. (1999) “N-lobe versus C-lobe complexation of bismuth by human transferrinBiochemical Journal, 337(Pt 1), 105-111. 

  5. Sadler P.J., Li H.Y., Sun H.Z. (1999) “Coordination chemistry of metals in medicine: target sites for bismuthCoordination Chemistry Reviews, 185-186, 689-709. doi: 10.1016/S0010-8545(99)00018-1.


  1. Sun H.Z., Li H.Y., Weir R.A., Sadler P.J. (1998) “The first specific Ti(IV) protein complex: potential relevance to anticancer activity of titanocenesAngewandte Chemie International Edition, 37(11), 1577-1579. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-3773(19980619)37:11<1577::AID-ANIE1577>3.0.CO;2-M. (Highlighted in Chem&Engn News, 1998, June 22, p27) 

  2. Sun H.Z., Cox M.C., Li H.Y., Mason A.B., Woodworth R.C., Sadler P.J. (1998) “[1H, 13C] NMR determination of the order of lobe loading of human transferrin with iron: comparison with other metal ionsFEBS Letters, 422(3), 315-320. doi: 0.1016/S0014-5793(98)00034-9. (Featured on the cover of the issue)

  3. Parkinson J.A., Sun H.Z., Sadler P.J. (1998) “New approach to the solution chemistry of bismuth citrate antiulcer complexesChemical Communications, (8), 881-882. doi: 10.1039/A708710A.

  4. Daniels M. J., Turner-Cavet J. S., Selkirk R., Sun H.Z., Parkinson J.A., Sadler P.J., Robinson N.J. (1998)  “Coordination of Zn2+ (and Cd2+) by prokaryotic metallothionein: involvement of his-imidazole”. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 273(36), 22957-22961. doi: 10.1074/jbc.273.36.22957.


  1. Sun H.Z.*, Cox M.C., Li H.Y., Sadler P.J.* (1997) “Rationalization of metal binding to transferrin: prediction of metal-protein stability constantsStructure & Bonding, 88, 71-102.  doi: 10.1007/3-540-62870-3_3.

  2. Sun H.Z., Li H.Y., Sadler P. J. (1997) “The biological and medicinal chemistry of bismuth(III)Chemische Berichte, 130, 669-681. doi: 10.1002/cber.19971300602.

  3. Li H.Y., Keohane B.M., Sun H.Z., Sadler P. J. (1997) “Determination of bismuth in plasma and urine by DIN-ICP-MS”. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 12(10), 1111-1114.  doi: 0.1039/A700269F.


  1. Sadler P. J., Sun H.Z., Li H.Y. (1996) “Bi(III) complexes of the tripeptide glutathione (γ-L-Glu-L-Cys-Gly)Chemistry, a European Journal, 2(6), 701-708.  doi: 10.1002/chem.19960020615.

  2. Li H.Y., Sadler P. J., Sun H.Z. (1996) “Rationalization of the strength of metal binding to human serum transferrinEuropean Journal of Biochemistry, 242(2), 387-393. (Highlighted in Chemtracts-Inorganic Chemistry, 1997, 10, 896-901. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1996.0387r.x.

  3. Li H.Y., Sadler P. J., Sun H.Z. (1996) “Unexpectedly strong binding of a large metal ion (Bi3+) to human serum transferrinJournal of Biological Chemistry, 271(16), 9483-9489. 

  4. Barrie P.J., Djuran M.I., Mazid M. A., McPartlin M., Sadler P.J., Scowen I.J., Sun H.Z. (1996) “Solid-state 13C NMR investigation of bismuth citrate complexes and crystal structure of  [Na2Bi2(cit)2]·7H2OJournal of Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, (12), 2417-2422. 


  1. Sadler P.J., Sun H.Z. (1995) “Ranitidine bismuth(III) citrate”. Journal of Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, (9), 1395-1401. doi: 10.1039/DT9950001395.

  2. Shao W., Sun H.Z., Yao, Y.M., Tang, W.X. (1995) “1H NMR studies of the imidazole complex of cytochrome-c - resonance assignment and structural characterization of the heme cavityInorganic Chemistry, 34(3), 680-687. doi: 10.1021/ic00107a023.


  1. Chen H.L., Yan H., Sun H.Z., Tang W.X. (1993) "Synthesis and characterization of coenzyme-B12 analogs containing 2’-deoxynucleosideSynthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemistry, 23(3), 347-358. doi: 10.1080/15533179308016642.

  2. Yan H., Sun H.Z., Chen H.L., Tang W.X. (1993) “2D 1H NMR studies on 2’5’-dideoxy adenosylcobalaminSpectroscopy Letter, 26(2), 319-329. doi: 10.1080/00387019308011534.

  3. Ding D.Y., Sun H.Z., Tang W.X. (1993) “Assignment of nonexchangeable proton resonances and the solution structure of d(TGGGT)Spectroscopy Letter, 26(8), 1537-1546. doi: 10.1080/00387019308011632.


  1. Sun H.Z., Shao W.P., Tang W.-X., Wang X.C. (1992) “The study of conformations in solution for gastrin with 2D NMRActa Chimica Sinica, 50, 281-287. doi: 10.1016/0006-291X(88)90429-9.